Hypnic jerks or sleep starts are benign myoclonic jerks that usually occur on falling asleep. Various factors like excessive caffeine intake, physical, and emotional stress can increase their frequency.
Hypnic jerks are sudden nonstereotyped myoclonic contractions of all or most body muscles (especially the axial and most proximal muscles) occurring during quiet wakefulness in individuals trying to fall asleep and during light sleep.
Moreover, when they are particularly frequent and severe, hypnic jerks have been reported as a cause of sleep-onset insomnia. Hypnic jerks are common physiological phenomena. Around 70% of people experience them at least once in their lives with 10% experiencing it daily.
Preventing hypnic jerks- Avoiding over-tiredness. A person can avoid excessive tiredness by getting sufficient quality sleep.
Hypnic jerks are natural, and they don’t pose any health risks. Treating hypnic jerks isn’t necessary, but if you’re feeling anxious about hypnic jerks, or they’re making it harder for you to fall asleep, there are a few things you can do to reduce hypnic jerks.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes stops and starts in breathing, often waking you on and off throughout the night. “The way the body solves pauses in breathing is with a hypnic jerk (an involuntary sleep switch or start) which causes an arousal and starts up breathing again.
“Hypnic jerks typically occur when there is a shift from Stage 1 of Non Rapid Eye Movement sleep to Stage 2,” explains Dr Senthil Nathan, neurologist at Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai. Your sleep cycle is divided into Non Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) and Rapid Eye Movement (REM).
What causes muscle twitching? Stress – Anxiety and stress can cause twitching by releasing neurotransmitters from the nerves supplying the muscles. Also, anxiety can make you hyperventilate, or breathe faster, which changes the ions concentration and pH in your body, and predisposes you to muscle twitching.
Common anxiety signs and symptoms include:- Feeling nervous, restless or tense.
When muscle twitching symptoms are caused by apprehensive behavior and the accompanying stress response changes, as the anxious and stress response changes come to an end, this anxiety symptom should subside. Keep in mind, it can take up to 20 minutes or more for the body to recover from a major stress response.
Follow the 3-3-3 rule.
Look around you and name three things you see. Then, name three sounds you hear. Finally, move three parts of your body — your ankle, fingers, or arm.
Epinephrine/Norepinephrine Norepinephrine is responsible for many of the symptoms of anxiety. These hormones and neurotransmitters are responsible for the adrenaline and energy that is pumped through your body when you’re stressed or anxious, and cause changes like rapid heartbeat, sweating, etc.
Extreme feelings of fear or anxiety that are out of proportion to the actual threat. Irrational fear or worry about different objects or situations. Avoiding the source of your fear or only enduring it with great anxiety. Withdrawing from social situations or isolating yourself from friends and family.
Calcium and magnesium are important for muscle contraction and relaxation, and a deficiency in magnesium or an excess of calcium in ratio to magnesium can cause muscle spasms, says Dr.
“Casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.” “Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.” “When the righteous cry for help, the LORD hears and delivers them out of all their troubles.”
Benzodiazepines (also known as tranquilizers) are the most widely prescribed type of medication for anxiety. Drugs such as Xanax (alprazolam), Klonopin (clonazepam), Valium (diazepam), and Ativan (lorazepam) work quickly, typically bringing relief within 30 minutes to an hour.
Water has been shown to have natural calming properties, likely as a result of addressing dehydration’s effects on the body and brain. Drinking enough water is an important step in managing your anxiety. Even if you’re not experiencing anxiety, drinking sufficient water can create feelings of relaxation.
“The term high functioning anxiety describes an individual who, despite feeling anxious, seems able to effectively manage the demands of day-to-day life,” says psychologist Adam Borland, PsyD.
Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders and affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives. But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people lead normal productive lives.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective form of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders.
A new study has linked panic disorder to a wayward hormone in a brain circuit that regulates vigilance. While too little of the hormone, called orexin, is known to underlie narcolepsy, the new finding suggests that too much of it may lead to panic attacks.
Symptoms of Chemical Imbalances- Loss of appetite or overeating.
Sleeping too much or insomnia.
Extreme mood swings.
Lack of energy.
Lack of empathy or feeling numbness.
For the majority of people with undiagnosed or untreated anxiety disorder, there are many negative consequences, for both the individual and society. These include disability, reduced ability to work leading to loss of productivity, and a high risk of suicide.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Generally safe with a low risk of serious side effects, SSRI antidepressants are typically recommended as the first choice of medications to treat panic attacks.
These effects might include:- Diffculty breathing.
Blurred eyesight or sore eyes.
Muscle aches and headaches.
Chest pains and high blood pressure.
Indigestion or heartburn.