Core tip: Though earlier considered to be benign birthmarks, it has been shown now that Mongolian spots (MS) are often associated with co-existent anomalies like inherited disorders of metabolism, vascular birthmarks and occult spinal dysraphism. Babies with extensive MS should be screened for the same.
Mongolian spots are gray-blue to brown macules or patches located in the lumbosacral/gluteal region. They affect a majority of Asians, African Americans, and American Indians but are rare in Caucasians. The lesions are present at birth but often spontaneously regress within a few years.
Mongolian spot is a hereditary developmental condition caused by entrapment of melanocytes in the dermis during their migration from the neural crest into the epidermis.
Mongolian blue spots appear on the skin at or shortly after birth. The spots appear when melanocytes (cells that produce pigment, or melanin) remain in the deeper skin layer during embryonic development. What causes this to happen isn’t known. Mongolian blue spots aren’t related to an underlying health condition.
Also known as blue-gray spots and congenital dermal melanocytosis, the marks are often present at birth but may also appear during the first weeks of life. They usually disappear by the age of about 3–5 years, but they can remain into adulthood.
Dermal melanocytosis is common among people of Asian, Native American, Hispanic, East Indian, and African descent. The color of the birth mark is from a collection of melanocytes in the deeper layers of the skin. Melanocytes are cells that make the pigment (color) in the skin.
Some birthmarks are hereditary and run in families, but most aren’t. Very occasionally, some are caused by gene mutations. For example, some babies born with a type of birthmark called port-wine stains (because they look similar to a splash of wine) may have a rare condition called Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.
While birthmarks are common, not everyone has one. There’s no way to predict if a child will have a birthmark or not. Not having a birthmark isn’t a sign of a particular health condition or a cause for concern. Also, remember that many types of birthmarks fade as children get older.
Congenital dermal melanocytosis (formerly called Mongolian blue spots) are a type of birthmark. The term congenital dermal melanocytosis refers to one or more birthmarks. They are flat blue or blue/grey spots with an irregular shape that commonly appear at birth or soon after.
If Mongolian spots persist in adulthood or if they are present in uncommon areas, laser removal is among the most effective treatment options you can consider.
Blue-gray spots (Mongolian spots) appear as gray to blue colored, flat, “bruise-like” areas of skin.
Congenital melanocytosis, previously known as Mongolian spots, is a very common condition in any part of the body of dark-skinned babies. The spots are flat, gray-blue in color (almost looking like a bruise), and can be small or large.
Size: Mongolian blue spots are usually a few centimeters wide, though they can be quite large. Your baby may have one spot or several spots, which can remain in a single area or spread further across the body. It varies. Most spots take up less than five percent of the skin.
There are two main types of birthmarks, which have different causes: Vascular birthmarks happen when blood vessels don’t form correctly. Either there are too many of them or they’re wider than usual. Pigmented birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of the cells that create pigment (color) in skin.
Mongolian spots (MS) are birthmarks that are present at birth and their most common location is sacrococcygeal or lumbar area. Lesions may be single or multiple and usually involve <5% total body surface area. They are macular and round, oval or irregular in shape.
No treatment is needed when dermal melanocytosis is a normal birthmark. If treatment is needed, lasers may be used. Spots may be a sign of an underlying disorder. If so, treatment for that problem will likely be recommended.
Throughout history, birthmarks were feared by superstitious, paranoid, and religious fanatics. But in the present day, many believe birthmarks are lucky omens with special meanings indicating reincarnation, life purpose, or destiny.
For a woman with birthmark on the right cheek means a very happy conjugal life. On the other hand, birthmarks on the left cheek mean that internally they are strife-torn even though they present a happy exterior. However, they definitely have a successful professional life.
In Iranian folklore, it is believed that birthmarks occur when a mother touches a specific part of her body during a solar eclipse . Contemporary American folklore associated with the New Age movement believes that birthmarks are signs of distressing experiences from a previous life .
You might notice reddish or pink patches at the back of your newborn’s neck, on the eyelids, forehead or between your newborn’s eyes. These marks — sometimes nicknamed stork bites or angel kisses — tend to get brighter during crying. Some marks disappear in a few months, while others fade over a few years or persist.
Most birthmarks are permanent, but a few types fade as a child grows. Birthmarks are common and usually harmless. But some may require treatment for cosmetic reasons or because of rapid growth. Still others may be a sign of an underlying disease.
Birthmarks generally result from an overgrowth of a structure that is normally present in the skin. For example, an overgrowth of blood vessels produces vascular birthmarks or haemangiomas; an overgrowth of pigment cells produces congenital naevi or moles. There are a number myths and superstitions about birthmarks.
Mongol, member of a Central Asian ethnographic group of closely related tribal peoples who live mainly on the Mongolian Plateau and share a common language and nomadic tradition. Their homeland is now divided into the independent country of Mongolia (Outer Mongolia) and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China.
In rural Mongolia, it is not uncommon to see rosy red cheeks, flushed with telangiectasias due to sun, wind, and snow. In the capital city, the distinctive telangiectatic cheeks are not seen as frequently; instead, many women wear eyeliner to highlight their oval eyes.